Quercus incana Roxb.

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Synonym

Q. leucotrichophora A. Camus ex Bhadur.

Family

Fagaceae.

Habitat

Kashmir and Western Himalayas up to Nepal at altitudes of 1,000–2,400 m.

English

Grey Oak.

Unani

Baloot.

Folk

Shilaa Supaari (Kashmir), Phanat (Garhwal), Shiddar (Kashmir).

Action

Acrons—diuretic, astringent. Used in indigestion and diarrhoea (after removing tannin and associated substances by the process of germination under earth). Also used in gonorrhoea.

The bark contains 6–23% of tannin. The stem bark contains friedelin, a triterpenoid, beta-sitosterol and a mixture of leucoanthocyanidins (including leucopelargonidin). Leaves contain flavonoids— quercetin, quercetin-3-galacto-arabinoside.

The kernels gave fatty acids, including palmitic, lignoceric and oleic.