Individually Identifiable Data

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Synonyms

Personally identifiable data; Personal data

Definition

Individually Identifiable Data is data that identifies the person that the data is about, or that can be used to identify that individual. This generally refers to data that contains either an identification number, or factors relating to physical, mental, economic, cultural, or social identity that could be used to link the data to an individual. Regulatory requirements for privacy generally apply (only) to individually identifiable data.

Key Points

Individually Identifiable Data is a legal term (e.g., personal data in the EU Privacy Directive [1], or Individually identifiable health information in U.S. Healthcare Laws [2]); in general privacy laws only protect individually identifiable data. Unfortunately, it is not clearly defined in technical terms. Anonymous data is presumably not individually identifiable, but what about k-anonymous data? (Presumably data is individually identifiable if K = 1, ...