- John M. Bird
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The term allochthon is derived from the Greek allos ‘other’ and chthonous ‘of the earth.’ Allochthonous objects have been displaced from their original site of origin, in contrast to autochthonous (auto,’ self’) objects that remain indigenous or in situ. In geology, the term allochthonous has been used to characterize plant material transported from site of growth to site of deposition into coal seams (allochthony), for masses of redeposited sediments from distant sources, for constituents of derived magmas (cf. allogenic components), for transported and redeposited fossils (cf. remanié faunas), for impact crater ejecta, and for subterranean streams in karst regions.
In structural geology, an allochthon is a large allochthonous body of mappable, coherent rock such as the Taconic Allochthon of eastern New York (see Zen, 1967; Bird and Dewey, 1970) or smaller masses of chaotic, slumped rock and sediment, called olistostromes, such as those of the central an ...
- Bird, J. M., 1969, Middle Ordovician gravity sliding—Taconic region, in M. Kay, ed., North Atlantic—Geology and Continental Drift (Mem. 12). Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 670–686.
- Bird, J. M., and Dewey, J. F., 1970, Lithosphere plate—continental margin tectonics and the evolution of the Appalachian orogen, Geol. Soc. America Bull. 81, 1031–1059.
- Coleman, R. G., 1971, Plate tectonic emplacement of upper-mantle peridotites along continental edges, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 1212–1222.
- Dewey, J. F., 1976, Ophiolite obduction, Tectonophysics 31, 93–120. CrossRef
- Dewey, J. F., and Bird, J. M., 1970, Mountain belts and the new global tectonics, J. Geophys. Res. 75, 2625–2647. CrossRef
- Elter, P., and Trevisan, L., 1973, Olistostromes in the tectonic evolution of the northern Apennines, in K. A. DeJong and R. Scholten, eds., Gravity and Tectonics. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 175–188.
- Naumann, C. F., 1858, Lehrbuch der Geognosie (Bd. 1, 2nd ed.). Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelman, 960p.
- Trumpy, R., 1960, Paleotectonic evolution of the central and western Alps, Geol. Soc. America Bull. 71, 843–908.
- Zen, E-an, 1967, Time and space relationships of the Taconic allochthon and autochthon, Geol. Soc. America Spec. Paper 97, 107p.
- Reference Work Title
- Structural Geology and Tectonics
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- pp 1-3
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- Series Title
- Encyclopedia of Earth Science
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- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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- Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc.
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