Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Hydrology and Lakes

Part of the series Encyclopedia of Earth Science pp 732-748

Water resources: Europe

  • R. W. Herschy

In order to identify the most prominent European environmental problems, a meeting of European environment ministers was held at Dobris Castle near Prague in 1991. As a result of this meeting, work began by making a survey of the literature and analyzing international initiatives by, among others, the EU, UNECE, UNEP, OECD and the US Environment Protection Agency. This resulted in a list of 56 environmental problems in Europe of which the following 12 problems were considered the most significant.

  • the management of water;

  • waste management;

  • climate change;

  • stratospheric ozone depletion;

  • urban stress;

  • forest degradation;

  • chemical risks;

  • acidification;

  • major accidents;

  • the loss of biodiversity;

  • tropospheric ozone and other photochemical oxidants;

  • coastal zone threats and management; Only the first of these problems, management of water, is briefly discussed here from information presented in the report of the study by the European Environment Agency.

Introduction

Human health and developme ...

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