2006, pp 638-676

The Genera Chryseobacterium and Elizabethkingia

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Introduction

Together with the genera Bergeyella and Empedobacter, the genus Chryseobacterium Vandamme, Bernardet, Segers, Kersters, and Holmes 1994 was built on the ruins of the genus Flavobacterium, shortly before the latter was thoroughly emended following extensive phylogenetic investigations (Vandamme et al., 1994; Bernardet et al., 1996; see also the following chapters in this edition: The Genus Flavobacterium in this Volume, The Genera Empedobacter and Myroides in this Volume, and The Genera Bergeyella and Weeksella in this Volume). For reasons that are explained in the section Phylogeny, the splitting of the genus Chryseobacterium was proposed very recently (Kim et al., 2005b); the organismpreviously known as Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and C. miricola were allocated to the new genus Elizabethkingia under the epithets Elizabethkingia meningoseptica and E. miricola. Among the currently recognized Chryseobacterium and Elizabethkingia species, those that were alrea