- Felice S. Wyndham
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Tarahumara are also known as Rarámuri and Tarahumar.
The historical homelands of the Tarahumara are the mountain ranges of the Sierra Madres, western Chihuahua, northern Mexico, covering approximately 35,000 square kilometers on either side of the continental divide (Merrill, 1988, p. 17). Today, in addition to highland (sierra) and lowland (barranca) communities, a significant number of people live in urban settlements in Chihuahua City and Juárez, Chihuahua, and are found in every Mexican state.
The Tarahumara are of Uto-Aztecan descent, and are predominantly subsistence agriculturalists, though many now work as teachers, health workers, and laborers in agriculture and other industries. Rural Tarahumara’s main field crops are corn, beans and squash; other foods include wheat, potatoes, cabbage, apples and peaches, and a variety of greens and wild foods. Goats, sheep, and cattle are kept primarily for th ...
- Bennett, W. C., & Zingg, R. M. (1935). The Tarahumara: An Indian tribe of Northern Mexico. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Graham, M. (1994). Mobile farmers: An ethnoarchaeological approach to settlement organization among the Rarámuri of Northwestern Mexico. Ann Arbor, MI: International Monographs in Prehistory.
- Kennedy, J. G. (1996). Tarahumara of the Sierra Madre: Survivors on the canyon edge (Rev. 2nd ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: Asilomar Press.
- Kennedy, J. G., & López, R. A. (1981). Semana Santa in the Sierra Tarahumara: A comparative study in three communities. Los Angeles: Regents of the University of California.
- Levi, J. M. (1993). Pillars of the sky: The genealogy of ethnic identity among the Rarámuri-Simaroni (Tarahumara-Gentiles) of northwest Mexico. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University. University Microfilms International.
- Merrill, W. (1988). Rarámuri souls: knowledge and social process in Northern Mexico. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution.
- Pennington, C. W. (1963). The Tarahumar of Mexico: Their environment and material culture. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender
- Reference Work Subtitle
- Men and Women in the World's Cultures Volume I: Topics and Cultures A-K Volume II: Cultures L-Z
- pp 877-884
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- Springer US
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- Springer-Verlag US
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