Date: 18 Feb 2012

Plant Phospholipases: An Overview

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Abstract

Plant phospholipases can be grouped into four major types, phospholipase D, phospholipase C, phospholipase A1 (PLA1), and phospholipase A2 (PLA2), that hydrolyze glycerophospholipids at different ester bonds. Within each type, there are different families or subfamilies of enzymes that can differ in substrate specificity, cofactor requirement, and/or reaction conditions. These differences provide insights into determining the cellular function of specific phospholipases in plants, and they can be explored for different industrial applications.