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Lipases and Phospholipases

Volume 861 of the series Methods in Molecular Biology pp 123-137

Date:

Plant Phospholipases: An Overview

  • Geliang WangAffiliated withDepartment of Biology, University of MissouriDonald Danforth Center Plant Science Center
  • , Stephen RyuAffiliated withKorea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology
  • , Xuemin WangAffiliated withDepartment of Biology, University of MissouriDonald Danforth Center Plant Science Center Email author 

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Abstract

Plant phospholipases can be grouped into four major types, phospholipase D, phospholipase C, phospholipase A1 (PLA1), and phospholipase A2 (PLA2), that hydrolyze glycerophospholipids at different ester bonds. Within each type, there are different families or subfamilies of enzymes that can differ in substrate specificity, cofactor requirement, and/or reaction conditions. These differences provide insights into determining the cellular function of specific phospholipases in plants, and they can be explored for different industrial applications.

Key words

Phospholipase Lipid signaling Arabidopsis Plants