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Genomic Structural Variants

Volume 838 of the series Methods in Molecular Biology pp 209-223

Date:

Population Genetic Nature of Copy Number Variation

  • Per SjödinAffiliated withDepartment of Evolutionary Biology, EBC, Uppsala University
  • , Mattias JakobssonAffiliated withDepartment of Evolutionary Biology, Evolutionary Biology Center, Uppsala University Email author 

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Abstract

Copy number variation has recently received considerable attention, and copy number variants (CNVs) have been shown to be both common in mammalian genomes and important for understanding genetic and phenotypic variation. As empirical knowledge and detection methods are quickly advancing, evolutionary theories about CNVs are rapidly updated and often revised. Here, we review recent progress on understanding CNVs, and we discuss some key issues for future research. In essence, we discuss four major forces in population genetics, recombination, mutation, selection, and demography, in relation to CNVs.

Key words

Copy number variation Recombination Mutation Selection Demography