Date: 11 Nov 2013

Use of MicroRNAs in Personalized Medicine

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Abstract

Personalized medicine comprises the genetic information together with the phenotypic and environmental factors to yield healthcare tailored to an individual and removes the limitations of the “one-size-fits-all” therapy approach. This provides the opportunity to translate therapies from bench to clinic, to diagnose and predict disease, and to improve patient-tailored treatments based on the unique signatures of a patient’s disease and further to identify novel treatment schedules.

Nowadays, tiny noncoding RNAs, called microRNAs, have captured the spotlight in molecular biology with highlights like their involvement in DNA translational control, their impression on mRNA and protein expression levels, and their ability to reprogram molecular signaling pathways in cancer. Realizing their pivotal roles in drug resistance, they emerged as diagnostic targets orchestrating drug response in individualized therapy examples.

It is not premature to think that researchers could have the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved kit-based assays for miRNA analysis in the near future. We think that miRNAs are ready for prime time.