Date: 09 Mar 2013

Generation of Transgene-Free iPSC Lines from Human Normal and Neoplastic Blood Cells Using Episomal Vectors

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Abstract

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have become an important tool for modeling human diseases and are considered a potential source of therapeutic cells. Original methods for iPSC generation use fibroblasts as a cell source for reprogramming and retroviral vectors as a delivery method of the reprogramming factors. However, fibroblasts require extended time for expansion and viral delivery of transgenes results in the integration of vector sequences into the genome which is a source of potential insertion mutagenesis, residual expressions, and reactivation of transgenes during differentiation. Here, we provide a detailed protocol for the efficient generation of transgene-free iPSC lines from human bone marrow and cord blood cells with a single transfection of non-integrating episomal plasmids. This method uses mononuclear bone marrow and cord blood cells, and makes it possible to generate transgene-free iPSCs 1–3 weeks faster than previous methods of reprogramming with fibroblasts. Additionally, we show that this approach can be used for efficient reprogramming of chronic myeloid leukemia cells.