Methods in Molecular Biology Volume 954, 2013, pp 3-25

Identification of Legionella in the Environment

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Abstract

Legionella is ubiquitous in freshwater systems worldwide and can also be found in soil. Legionellosis may be caused by inhalation of aerosolized water or soil particles containing Legionella. Isolation of Legionella from the environment is an essential step in outbreak investigation and may also be performed within the context of a hazard analysis and control risk management plan. Culture remains the gold standard for detection of Legionella in environmental samples. Specific properties of environmental sites that could be a source of Legionella contamination, collection of samples from such sites, and procedures for culture of these samples for Legionella are described in this chapter.