Developmental Toxicology

Volume 889 of the series Methods in Molecular Biology pp 347-371


A Review of Toxicogenomic Approaches in Developmental Toxicology

  • Joshua F. RobinsonAffiliated withNational Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)Department of Health Risk Analysis and Toxicology (GRAT), Maastricht UniversityNetherlands Toxicogenomic Centre (NTC)
  • , Jeroen L. A. PenningsAffiliated withNational Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)Netherlands Toxicogenomic Centre (NTC)
  • , Aldert H. PiersmaAffiliated withNational Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), Utrecht UniversityNetherlands Toxicogenomic Centre (NTC) Email author 

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Over the past decade, the use of gene expression profiling (i.e., toxicogenomics or transcriptomics) has been established as the vanguard “omics” technology to investigate exposure-induced molecular changes that underlie the development of disease. As this technology quickly advances, researchers are striving to keep pace in grasping the complexity of toxicogenomic response while at the same time determine its applicability for the field of developmental toxicology. Initial studies suggest toxicogenomics to be a promising tool for multiple types of study designs, including exposure–response investigations (dose and duration), chemical classification, and model comparisons. In this review, we examine the use of toxicogenomics in developmental toxicology, discussing biological and technical factors that influence response and interpretation. Additionally, we provide a framework to guide toxicogenomic investigations in the field of developmental toxicology.

Key words

Development Toxicology Toxicogenomics Alternatives Gene expression Microarray Embryonic stem cell test Classification Method