Date: 18 Aug 2011

Restriction Landmark Genome Scanning

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Abstract

Restriction landmark genome scanning (RLGS) method is a high-resolution two-dimensional electrophoresis system for analyses of the whole genome DNA which is including methylation status. It has been used for cloning genes of model animals and human genomes, detection of imprinted genes, and genome-wide methylation research in cancer. The conventional RLGS detected both polymorphism and methylated NotI sites between samples. Here, we have developed improved RLGS method with isoschizomer restriction enzymes such as MspI and HpaII to specifically detect methylated sites, using differential sensitivity of the restriction enzymes to methylated sequences. Recently, by using the genome database information, the RLGS spot sites were efficiently identified by this improved method. Then, genome methylation sites of Arabidopsis were mapped, and a unique inheritance was detected in methylated gene in rice. Now, epigenetic research becomes easy with the improved RLGS and it also can be applied for animal genome. Therefore, RLGS method is useful to explore for novel epigenetic phenomenon.