Date: 30 Oct 2009

Databases of Protein–Protein Interactions and Complexes

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In the current understanding, translation of genomic sequences into proteins is the most important path for realization of genome information. In exercising their intended function, proteins work together through various forms of direct (physical) or indirect interaction mechanisms. For a variety of basic functions, many proteins form a large complex representing a molecular machine or a macromolecular super-structural building block. After several high-throughput techniques for detection of protein–protein interactions had matured, protein interaction data became available in a large scale and curated databases for protein–protein interactions (PPIs) are a new necessity for efficient research. Here, their scope, annotation quality, and retrieval tools are reviewed. In addition, attention is paid to portals that provide unified access to a variety of such databases with added annotation value.