Protocol

Cancer Epidemiology

Volume 471 of the series Methods in Molecular Biology pp 3-29

Cancer Occurrence

  • Ahmedin JemalAffiliated withDepartment of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society
  • , Melissa M. CenterAffiliated withDepartment of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society
  • , Elizabeth WardAffiliated withDepartment of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society
  • , Michael J. ThunAffiliated withDepartment of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society

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Summary

In this chapter, we describe the variability of cancer occurrence by using measures of incidence, mortality, prevalence, and survival, according to demographic characteristics such as age, sex, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity, as well as geographic location and time period. We also discuss the variability of cancer occurrence in relation to changes in risk factors, screening rates, and improved treatments. The variation according to risk factors provides strong evidence that much of cancer is caused by environmental factors and is potentially avoidable.

Key words

Cancer incidence life style factors mortlaity rate prevalence surveillance survivorship