The paper discusses the observed and projected warming in the Caucasus region and its implications for glacier melt, water availability and potential hazards. A strong positive trend in summer air temperatures of 0.05°C year−1 is observed in the high-altitude areas (above 2000 m) providing for a strong glacier melt. A widespread glacier retreat has also been reported between 1985 and 2000, with an average rate of 8 m year−1. A warming of 5–7°C is projected for the summer months in the 2071–2100 period under the A2 emission group of scenarios, suggesting that enhanced glacier melt and a changing water balance can be expected.
NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security 2009, pp 131-143
Climate Change, Glacier Retreat, and Water Availability in the Caucasus Region
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- Climate Change, Glacier Retreat, and Water Availability in the Caucasus Region
- Book Title
- Threats to Global Water Security
- Book Part
- pp 131-143
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Series Title
- NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security
- Series ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- climate change
- climate modeling
- water resources
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. IGU Commission for Water Sustainability, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences Aberystwyth University
- 2. Department of Physical Geography, Yerevan State University
- Author Affiliations
- 3. Department of Geography, The University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, UK
- 4. Department of Geography, University of Munich, Munich, Germany
- 5. The Hadley Centre, UK Met Office, Exeter, UK
- 6. Department of Geography, The University of Durham, South Road, Durham, UK
- 7. Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, Russia
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