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Advances in Neuromorphic Hardware Exploiting Emerging Nanoscale Devices

Volume 31 of the series Cognitive Systems Monographs pp 17-43

Date:

Synaptic Plasticity with Memristive Nanodevices

  • Selina La BarberaAffiliated withInstitut d’Electronique, Microelectronique et Nanotechnologies
  • , Fabien AlibartAffiliated withInstitut d’Electronique, Microelectronique et Nanotechnologies Email author 

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Abstract

This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of current research on nanoscale memory devices suitable to implement some aspect of synaptic plasticity. Without being exhaustive on the different forms of plasticity that could be realized, we propose an overall classification and analysis of few of them, which can be the basis for going into the field of neuromorphic computing. More precisely, we present how nanoscale memory devices, implemented in a spike-based context, can be used for synaptic plasticity functions such as spike rate-dependent plasticity, spike timing-dependent plasticity, short-term plasticity, and long-term plasticity.