Date: 05 Mar 2012

The First Ten Years of Plant Genome Sequencing and Prospects for the Next Decade

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Abstract

The genome of Arabidopsis thaliana, the first completed plant genome sequence, was published in December of 2000 (The Arabidopsis Genome Initiative 2000). This event marked the beginning of the plant genomics era. Over the next 10 years, there has been swift and striking progress in the field of plant genomics. An outpouring of effort coupled with technological advances has made it possible to sequence, assemble, and analyze the genomes of many additional plant species, including several genomes far larger and more complex than Arabidopsis. These changes have ushered in comparative plant genomics, the study of relationships between genomes of different species. Comparative genomic analysis has proven particularly enlightening in revealing recent and ancient events that have impacted the structure and contents of plant genomes; and this field is poised to grow rapidly with the advent of high throughput “Next-Generation” sequencing technologies.