The Strategic Importance of Relations between Turkey and the European Community
- Maurizio Cremasco
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An analysis of the strategic relevance of relations between Turkey and the European Community presents special methodological and substantive difficulties.
This analysis, presented to the study Group, was published earlier in International Spectator 18 (nos. 1-2, 1983), pp. 47-61.
- In that period the Soviet Mediterranean fleet consisted of 53 units, the highest number since 1977.
- Cremasco, M, Silvesti, S (1980) II Fianco Sud della Nato. Feltrinelli, Milan
- Lewis, JW (1976) The Strategic Balance in the Mediterranean. American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Washington
- Weinland, RG (1979) Superpower Naval Diplomacy in the October 1973 Arab-Israeli War: A Case Study. Washington Paper, Washington
- Zumwalt, E (1976) On Watch. A Memoir.
- Sezer, DB (1981) Turkey’s Security Policies. IISS, Adelphi Papers, London
- United States Military Installations and Objectives in the Mediterranean. USGPO, Washington
- Cf. The Military Balance 1982 - 1983 (London: IISS, 1982), p. 15.
- Burrows, B (1980) The security dimension for Western Europe.
- The category 3 divisions are at a quarter of their full war strengh in terms of personnel, possibly com-plete with fighting vehicles (some obsolescent). Cf. The Military Balance 1982 - 1983, p. 15.
- The deployment of forces in these military districts is as follows: Kiev, 11 divisions (6 tank, 4 motor rifle, 1 artillery); Moscow, 7 divisions (2 tank, 4 motor rifle, 1 airborne); Volga, 3 motor rifle divi-sions; Turkestan, 6 divisions (5 motor rifle, 1 artillery).
- Cf. The Military Balance 1982 - 1983, p. 20.
- Cf. International Herald Tribune, 29 November, 1978.
- All data on the Turkish armed forces is from The Military Balance 1982 - 83, cit., p. 44.
- For the financial data and a complete list of the planned purchases, cf. Senate Delegation Report, Per-spectives on NATO’s Southern Flank, A Report to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, 3 - 13 April 1980 (Washington: USGPO, 1980), p. 16.
- For the fiscal year 1981, the U.S. Congress approved 250 million dollars for the Foreign Military Sales Program and 200 million for the economic aid program and about 2 million for the International Mili-tary Education and Training (IME) program. For fiscal year 1982, the United States increased its aid to 700 million dollars (300 million in economic aid and 400 in military aid). Of the 400 million in mili-tary aid, 250 were provided at low interests rates. In addition, the aid for the IMET program was to be increased form 1.6 to 3.5 million dollars. Cf. International Communication Agency, Daily Wireless File, No. 53, 18 March 1981.
- In the course of 1982 the Iraqi pipeline through Syria was frequently sabotaged. On Iraqi oil output, cf. Financial Times 4 January 1982, p. 1; 8 January 1982, p. 14; 1 June 1982, p. 3; and 3 December 1982, p. 3.
- Mison, A (1980) The Aegean Dispute. IISS, Adelphi Papers, London
- Greece’s insistence and the impossibility of finding a compromise formula prevented the formulation and issue of a final communique for the first time in the Alliance’s history.
- Cf. Der Spiegel, 4 February 1980, pp. 33 - 34.
- The Strategic Importance of Relations between Turkey and the European Community
- Book Title
- Turkey and the European Community
- Book Part
- Part I
- pp 117-139
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Series Title
- Schriften des Deutschen Orient-Instituts
- VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften
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- VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, Wiesbaden
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