Progress in Botany Volume 59, 1998, pp 396-428

The Physiology of Tropisms

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Abstract

The historic work of Darwin, a century ago, has set a landmark in the field of plant movements, particularly in the category of directed growth (Darwin 1896). Plants and fungi through directed growth, defined as “tropism”, respond in spatial orientation to environmental stimuli such as light, gravity, temperature and water (Poff et al. 1994). The field has been reviewed by Hensel (1986) for Progress in Botany in vol. 48; for reviews in fungi, lower and higher plants see also Konings (1995); Fukaki et al. (1996); Estelle (1996); Sievers et al. (1996).