Micropropagation of Strawberry (Fragaria spp.)

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Abstract

The strawberry is a herbaceous, perennial member of the family Rosaceae. The garden strawberry, Fragaria × ananassa Duchesne, originated in Europe around 1750 as a hybrid between the pistillate South American F. chiloensis Duch. and a North American F. virginiana Duch. For many centuries before, however, strawberries had been a favorite among the fruits of the temperate world. They were valued for delicious flavor and fragrance, for health-restoring qualities, and as the “harbinger of spring”. (Wilhelm and Sagen 1974).