Chapter

Bird Migration

pp 331-351

Optimal Bird Migration: The Relative Importance of Time, Energy, and Safety

  • T. Alerstam
  • , Å. LindströmAffiliated withDepartment of Ecology, University of Lund

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Abstract

“Optimization is the process of minimizing costs or maximizing benefits, or obtaining the best possible compromise between the two. Evolution by natural selection is a process of optimization” (R. McNeill Alexander 1982).