Bird Migration pp 331-351

Optimal Bird Migration: The Relative Importance of Time, Energy, and Safety

  • T. Alerstam
  • Å. Lindström
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-74542-3_22

Cite this paper as:
Alerstam T., Lindström Å. (1990) Optimal Bird Migration: The Relative Importance of Time, Energy, and Safety. In: Gwinner E. (eds) Bird Migration. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Abstract

“Optimization is the process of minimizing costs or maximizing benefits, or obtaining the best possible compromise between the two. Evolution by natural selection is a process of optimization” (R. McNeill Alexander 1982).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Alerstam
  • Å. Lindström
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EcologyUniversity of LundLundSweden