Principles and Benefits of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM)

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Abstract

In many ways coastal zones typify the problems and policy challenges presented by the process of Global Environmental Change (GEC). These zones are under increasing environmental (resource usage/over-usage) pressure and are exhibiting unacceptable environmental state changes as a consequence of population growth, urbanisation, tourism and other multiple and often conflicting resource usage trends. The mitigation of the resource conflict problems and the practical adaptation of the sustainable economic development policy objective requires innovative policy responses. Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) is such a comprehensive policy/management response option. At its core should be a process which enables policy makers to strike a socially acceptable balance between conflicting stakeholder resource demands as they manifest themselves in different economic, socio-political (and institutions), cultural and environmental contexts.