The Transformation of Social Security in Central and Eastern Europe

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In all systems of social protection, an inherent tension exists between the financing (who pays, how much, on what basis and through what institutions), and the coverage and extent of benefits (who receives, how much, for what contingencies, for how long and according to what criteria). Developments in the transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe have significantly altered the previously established balance between these opposing pressures (cf. ILO 1995: 39).