Rapid Text-Based Authoring of Defeasible Higher-Order Logic Formulas, via Textual Logic and Rulelog
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- Grosof B.N. (2013) Rapid Text-Based Authoring of Defeasible Higher-Order Logic Formulas, via Textual Logic and Rulelog. In: Morgenstern L., Stefaneas P., Lévy F., Wyner A., Paschke A. (eds) Theory, Practice, and Applications of Rules on the Web. RuleML 2013. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 8035. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
We present textual logic (TL), a novel approach that enables rapid semi-automatic acquisition of rich logical knowledge from text. The resulting axioms are expressed as defeasible higher-order logic formulas in Rulelog, a novel extended form of declarative logic programs. A key element of TL is textual terminology, a phrasal style of knowledge in which words/word-senses are used directly as logical constants. Another key element of TL is a method for rapid interactive disambiguation as part of logic-based text interpretation. Existential quantifiers are frequently required, and we describe Rulelog’s approach to making existential knowledge be defeasible. We describe results from a pilot experiment that represented the knowledge from several thousand English sentences in the domain of college-level cell biology, for purposes of question-answering.
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