An Ontology-Based Traffic Accident Risk Mapping Framework

  • Jing Wang
  • Xin Wang
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-22922-0_3

Volume 6849 of the book series Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)
Cite this paper as:
Wang J., Wang X. (2011) An Ontology-Based Traffic Accident Risk Mapping Framework. In: Pfoser D. et al. (eds) Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases. SSTD 2011. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 6849. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Abstract

Road traffic accidents are a social and public challenge. Various spatial concentration detection methods have been proposed to discover the concentration patterns of traffic accidents. However, current methods treat each traffic accident location as a point without consideration of the severity level, and the final traffic accident risk map for the whole study area ignores the users’ requirements. In this paper, we propose an ontology-based traffic accident risk mapping framework. In the framework, the ontology represents the domain knowledge related to the traffic accidents and supports the data retrieval based on users’ requirements. A new spatial clustering method that takes into account the numbers and severity levels of accidents is proposed for risk mapping. To demonstrate the framework, a system prototype has been implemented. A case study in the city of Calgary is also discussed.

Keywords

Spatial clustering GIS Ontology Traffic accident Road safety 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Wang
    • 1
  • Xin Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geomatics EngineeringUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada