Chapter

Empirical Methods in Natural Language Generation

Volume 5790 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 222-241

Structural Features for Predicting the Linguistic Quality of Text

Applications to Machine Translation, Automatic Summarization and Human-Authored Text
  • Ani NenkovaAffiliated withCarnegie Mellon UniversityUniversity of Pennsylvania
  • , Jieun ChaeAffiliated withCarnegie Mellon UniversityUniversity of Pennsylvania
  • , Annie LouisAffiliated withCarnegie Mellon UniversityUniversity of Pennsylvania
  • , Emily PitlerAffiliated withCarnegie Mellon UniversityUniversity of Pennsylvania

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Abstract

Sentence structure is considered to be an important component of the overall linguistic quality of text. Yet few empirical studies have sought to characterize how and to what extent structural features determine fluency and linguistic quality. We report the results of experiments on the predictive power of syntactic phrasing statistics and other structural features for these aspects of text. Manual assessments of sentence fluency for machine translation evaluation and text quality for summarization evaluation are used as gold-standard. We find that many structural features related to phrase length are weakly but significantly correlated with fluency and classifiers based on the entire suite of structural features can achieve high accuracy in pairwise comparison of sentence fluency and in distinguishing machine translations from human translations. We also test the hypothesis that the learned models capture general fluency properties applicable to human-authored text. The results from our experiments do not support the hypothesis. At the same time structural features and models based on them prove to be robust for automatic evaluation of the linguistic quality of multi-document summaries.