Formal Analysis of an Airplane Accident in \(N{\it \Sigma}\) -Labeled Calculus

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\(N{\it \Sigma}\)-labeled calculus is a formal system for representation, verification and analysis of time-concerned recognition, knowledge, belief and decision of humans or computer programs together with related external physical or logical phenomena.In this paper, a formal verification and analysis of the JAL near miss accident is presented as an example of cooperating systems controlling continuously changing objects including human factor with misunderstanding or incorrect recognition.