Human-Computer Interaction. Interacting in Various Application Domains

Volume 5613 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 504-513

Studying Reactive, Risky, Complex, Long-Spanning, and Collaborative Work: The Case of IT Service Delivery

  • Eser KandoganAffiliated withIBM Almaden Research Center
  • , Eben M. HaberAffiliated withIBM Almaden Research Center
  • , John H. BaileyAffiliated withIBM Almaden Research Center
  • , Paul P. MaglioAffiliated withIBM Almaden Research Center

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


IT service delivery is challenging to study. It is characterized by interacting systems of technology, people, and organizations. The work is sometimes reactive, sometimes carefully planned, often risky, and always complex and collaborative. In this paper we describe how we’ve learned about IT work, using a variety of methods including naturalistic observations, contextual interviews, surveys, and diary studies. We provide examples of our study results, showing what we’ve learned with the different methods. We argue that to effectively study such systems, a variety of methods may be needed to complement insights and validate findings. We found that naturalistic observations were extremely time and labor intensive, yet offered us the time and space to observe unplanned events and long-lasting tasks, bringing out the full complexity and risks involved in real work. Contextual interviews and diary studies provided fewer details, yet gave a broader context to individual’s work. Surveys provided an even broader picture, going beyond individual differences, yet they were limited by details and issues of sampling.