Chapter

Physiology and Genetics

Volume 15 of the series The Mycota pp 209-231

Date:

Secondary Metabolites of Basidiomycetes

  • Anja SchüfflerAffiliated withInstitut für Biotechnologie und Wirkstoff-Forschung e.V./Institute for Biotechnology and Drug Research
  • , Timm AnkeAffiliated withInstitut für Biotechnologie und Wirkstoff-Forschung e.V./Institute for Biotechnology and Drug Research Email author 

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Abstract

Basidiomycetes, a major class of higher fungi adapted to many different climates, habitats, and substrates have developed a rich and very diverse secondary metabolism. Its products differ in biogenetic origin and structure remarkably from the metabolites of ascomycetes or other prolific producers of secondary metabolites like actinomycetes or myxobacteria. There are, however, some similarities to the products of plants, especially with regard to some polyketides, acetylenes, and sesquiterpenoids. It is noteworthy that many basidiomycete metabolites exhibit interesting biological activities which in some cases led to the development of very successful plant protectants or antibiotics for human and veterinary uses.