Memetic Algorithms

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Abstract

Back in the late 60s and early 70s, several researchers laid the foundations of what we now know as Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) (Fogel et al. 1966; Holland 1975; Rechenberg 1973; Schwefel 1965). In these almost four decades, and despite some hard beginnings, most researchers interested in search or optimization — both from the applied and the theoretical standpoints — have grown to know and accept the existence — and indeed the usefulness — of these techniques. This has been also the case for other related techniques, such as Simulated Annealing (SA) (Kirkpatrick et al. 1983), Tabu Search (TS) (Glover and Laguna 1997), etc. The name metaheuristics is used to collectively term these techniques.