May A. (2004) Computing the RSA Secret Key Is Deterministic Polynomial Time Equivalent to Factoring. In: Franklin M. (eds) Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2004. CRYPTO 2004. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 3152. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
We address one of the most fundamental problems concerning the RSA cryptoscheme: Does the knowledge of the RSA public key/ secret key pair (e,d) yield the factorization of N=pq in polynomial time? It is well-known that there is a probabilistic polynomial time algorithm that on input (N,e,d) outputs the factors p and q. We present the first deterministic polynomial time algorithm that factors N provided that e,d < φ(N) and that the factors p, q are of the same bit-size. Our approach is an application of Coppersmith’s technique for finding small roots of bivariate integer polynomials.