Chapter

The Urban Transport Crisis in Emerging Economies

Part of the series The Urban Book Series pp 221-246

Date:

South Africa

  • Fabio TodeschiniAffiliated withUniversity of Cape Town Email author 
  • , David DewarAffiliated withUniversity of Cape Town

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Abstract

The chapter argues that the two primary influences on the structure and form of South African cities since the 1940’s—the planning and design ideology of modernism and the political ideology of apartheid or separate development—have resulted in cities characterized by low density sprawl, fragmentation, separation and a car-dominated movement system with strong radial tendencies. These spatial patterns, in combination, result in a wide range of social, economic, environmental and urban efficiency problems.

The chapter then reviews trends in transport use and mobility before identifying a number of pressing transport problems. Finally, it focuses on two essential solutions: promoting urban corridors as a unit of urban planning attention; and the establishment of an integrated urban transport authority.