Chapter

Rules on the Web. From Theory to Applications

Volume 8620 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 112-126

A Datalog+ RuleML 1.01 Architecture for Rule-Based Data Access in Ecosystem Research

  • Harold BoleyAffiliated withFaculty of Computer Science, University of New Brunswick
  • , Rolf GrütterAffiliated withSwiss Federal Research Institute WSL
  • , Gen ZouAffiliated withFaculty of Computer Science, University of New Brunswick
  • , Tara AthanAffiliated withAthan Services (athant.com)
  • , Sophia EtzoldAffiliated withSwiss Federal Research Institute WSL

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Abstract

Rule-Based Data Access (RBDA) enables automated reasoning over a knowledge base (KB) as a generalized global schema for the data in local (e.g., relational or graph) databases reachable through mappings. RBDA can semantically validate, enrich, and integrate heterogeneous data sources. This paper proposes an RBDA architecture layered on Datalog+ RuleML, and uses it for the ΔForest case study on the susceptibility of forests to climate change. Deliberation RuleML 1.01 was mostly motivated by Datalog customization requirements for RBDA. It includes Datalog+ RuleML 1.01 as a standard XML serialization of Datalog+, a superlanguage of the decidable Datalog±. Datalog+ RuleML is customized into the three Datalog extensions Datalog[∃], Datalog[=], and Datalog[\(\bot\)] through MYNG, the RuleML Modular sYNtax confiGurator generating (Relax NG and XSD) schemas from language-feature selections. The ΔForest case study on climate change employs data derived from three main forest monitoring networks in Switzerland. The KB includes background knowledge about the study sites and design, e.g., abundant tree species groups, pure tree stands, and statistical independence among forest plots. The KB is used to rewrite queries about, e.g., the eligible plots for studying a particular species group. The mapping rules unfold our newly designed global schema to the three given local schemas, e.g. for the grade of forest management. The RBDA/ΔForest case study has shown the usefulness of our approach to Ecosystem Research for global schema design and demonstrated how automated reasoning can become key to knowledge modeling and consolidation for complex statistical data analysis.