Chapter

Organized Crime, Corruption and Crime Prevention

pp 315-320

Date:

Evolution of Criminology

  • Roberto CatanesiAffiliated withPresident of the Italian Society of Criminology, Università di Bari ‘Aldo Moro’ Email author 
  • , Giovanna PunziAffiliated withDept of Criminology and Forensic Psychiatry, University of Bari ‘Aldo Moro’

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Abstract

Scientific research about the biological basis of aggressive and criminal behaviors performed in the last few decades could change modern criminology. Functional and structural neuroimaging overall suggests that decreased prefrontal activity and increased subcortical activity may predispose individuals to violence. At a molecular level, dopamine and serotonin signaling seem to be mostly involved in contributing to this phenotype, which has also revealed a significant heritability. In the present article, the Authors will try to explore the issues related to the coupling of imaging and genetic data with criminology, starting from the first case which made this kind of evidence gain admittance to a US criminal courtroom.

Keywords

Criminology Neuroscience The Dugan case fMRI Imaging Genetics