2014, pp 81-85,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 17 Dec 2013

Open Science and the Three Cultures: Expanding Open Science to all Domains of Knowledge Creation

Download Book (5,156 KB) As a courtesy to our readers the eBook is provided DRM-free. However, please note that Springer uses effective methods and state-of-the art technology to detect, stop, and prosecute illegal sharing to safeguard our authors’ interests.
Download Chapter (209 KB)


The Open Science movement has been most successful in transforming disciplines traditionally associated with science. Social science and humanities disciplines, especially those in the United States, are less well represented. To include all domains of knowledge, the Open Science movement must bridge these ‘three cultures’ through projects that highlight multiple lines of inquiry, research methods, and publishing practices. The movement should also consider changing its moniker to Open Knowledge in order to include academic disciplines that do not self-identify as science.