Date: 29 Jul 2008

Traumatic Brain Injury in Sports

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Introduction

Few physicians realize the detriment and prevalence of head injury in the athlete. Due to the development of organized athletics with more standardized rules, which help to decide how head injury should be managed and when players should return to play, and due to the development of newer and better protective equipment, fatal and near-fatal head injuries have been declining. Still, mild traumatic brain injury or concussion is under-recognized and continues to have a significant impact on the future well-being of the athlete. Given the tremendous popularity of sports in the United States and the world, there are large numbers of athletes—competitive and recreational—who sustain mild traumatic brain injury. In 1997, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had already proclaimed that concussions had reached epidemic proportions in the United States. Further, there is accumulating evidence that mild traumatic brain injury, including sports-related concussion, may be mor ...