Reinstatement of Drug-Taking Behavior as a Method of Assessing Incentive Motivational Properties of Drugs

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Abstract

Noncontingent “priming” presentations of positive reinforcers (or incentive events) can enhance and reinstate previously acquired instrumental responding for these reinforcers. We describe how this phenomenon may be used to study the motivational control of drug-taking behavior and the relapse to drug-taking in drug-free individuals.