Marine Organisms as Indicators

pp 247-326

Community — Environmental Relationships in the Benthos: Applications of Multivariate Analytical Techniques

  • Robert W. Smith
  • , Brock B. Bernstein
  • , Robert L. Cimberg

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Marine benthic organisms and communities have commonly been used as a focus of monitoring programs and of research into the effects of human activities in the marine environment. Such activities include disposal of wastewater, sewage, sludge, and dredged materials; drilling for oil and natural gas; and construction activities in the nearshore zone. Benthic organisms are often affected by such activities, since this habitat serves as a major sink for such disposed materials.