ThreeDimensional ParticleinCell and Electromagnetic Simulations
 Alan Mankofsky,
 Adam T. Drobot
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Abstract
In computational plasma physics the development of simulation techniques and their application has followed an evolution which has been determined, in part, by the cost, speed, and availability of computers. The ever increasing power of modern supercomputers has allowed a progression from modeling of onedimensional simple problems to twodimensional simulations which involve complicated geometry and multiple physical processes. One and twodimensional PIC codes have become standard research tools and have been applied to an extremely broad set of basic physics and engineering problems. Fully threedimensional plasma and field models have the obvious attraction that they can deal with problems that are inherently threedimensional and cannot be analyzed in lower dimensionality, problems in which the dimensionality is suspected to have a role, and design problems in which threedimensional concepts are a possible option if risk can be assessed through computation or analysis. Until recently the use of general threedimensional plasma codes, while conceptually attractive, was simply not affordable or highly impractical, requiring very long running times and excessive memory or auxiliary storage.
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 Title
 ThreeDimensional ParticleinCell and Electromagnetic Simulations
 Book Title
 Computer Applications in Plasma Science and Engineering
 Pages
 pp 94147
 Copyright
 1991
 DOI
 10.1007/9781461230922_4
 Print ISBN
 9780387974552
 Online ISBN
 9781461230922
 Publisher
 Springer New York
 Copyright Holder
 SpringerVerlag New York
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 Editors

 Adam T. Drobot ^{(1)}
 Editor Affiliations

 1. Science Applications International Corporation
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