Respiratory Problems of HIV Infection and AIDS

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At present, the lungs are affected more commonly in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) than any other organ system (Hope and Luce 1985; Murray et al. 1984, 1987; Murray and Mills 1990). Furthermore one respiratory illness alone, pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), will occur in 75% of patients who are antibody positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-positive) at some point in their disease without prophylactic treatment and still accounts for up to 50% of initial presentations of AIDS.