2012, pp 337-350
Date: 09 May 2012

Constipation

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Abstract

Constipation is a common syndrome in older individuals. Constipation is defined as a frequency of defecation fewer than three times per week in association with additional manifestations as defined in the Rome criteria. Deviations from baseline habits deserve attention and perhaps evaluation. Motility and structural abnormalities are two important factors contributing to pathogenesis of constipation. Colonic motor dysfunction is associated with several factors, predominantly dietary, medication, and disease. A thorough medical history helps identify etiology and helps management of constipation. More specialized tests of colonic transit or pelvic floor function are considered in older adults in selected cases and in the settings where the findings influence management decisions. Management strategy includes life style modification, use of fiber, pharmacologic measures, and rarely miscellaneous modalities.