Gender Policy and HIV in China

Volume 22 of the series The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis pp 71-94

Bare Branches, Prostitution, and HIV in China: A~Demographic Analysis

  • Avraham Y. EbensteinAffiliated withRobert Wood Johnson Health Scholar Program at Harvard University Email author 
  • , Ethan JenningsAffiliated withRobert Wood Johnson Health Scholar Program at Harvard University

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The alarming rise in China’s reported HIV cases in the last decade has caused concern among government officials and public health researchers. The increase in reported HIV cases is especially worrying because the majority of new cases are not observed in traditional high risk populations (such as intravenous drug users and recipients of former plasma donors), but are sexually transmitted. This chapter analyzes the demographic patterns in China that may be an important determinant of the increase in sexually transmitted HIV infections. High sex ratios, numbers of men relative to numbers of women, in young cohorts of Chinese men and women contribute to the increasing failure of Chinese men to marry. These men, referred to as bare branches (guang gun) since they will be unable to extend the family tree, are more likely to migrate to regions with more favorable marriage markets, and may be more likely to purchase sex.