Chapter

Biofuels, Solar and Wind as Renewable Energy Systems

pp 215-230

Sugarcane and Ethanol Production and Carbon Dioxide Balances

  • Marcelo Dias De OliveiraAffiliated withAvenida 10, 1260, Rio Claro - SP - Brazil

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Abstract

Ethanol fuel has been considered lately an efficient option for reducing greenhouse gases emissions. Brazil has now more than 30 years of experience with large-scale ethanol production. With sugarcane as feedstock, Brazilian ethanol has some advantages in terms of energy and CO2 balances. The use of bagasse for energy generation contributes to lower greenhouse gases emissions. Although, when compared with gasoline, the use of sugarcane ethanol does imply in reduction of GHG emissions, Brazilian contribution to emission reductions could be much more significant, if more efforts were directed for reduction of Amazon deforestation. The trend however is to encourage ethanol production

Keywords

Sugarcane ethanol CO2 mitigation CO2 balances bagasse Co-generation