2008, pp 127-135

How Living Organisms Detect Very Low Doses? A New Approach to Homeopathy and Hormesis

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The molecular strategy of integrating cellular processes is based on the controlling mechanisms of the two major opposing pathways: catabolism and anabolism. Owing to this, there is a constant exchange of substrates and products of metabolism, which provide cells with indispensable elements for their survival in specific environmental conditions. The control of speed and direction of transformations in a cell is based on protein systems. They combine into complexes, such as receptors and multi-enzymatic complexes, thanks to which the signal gets transmitted both from the gene to the protein and then to the environment and the other way, having a precise effect on the regulation and efficiency of all cellular processes (Welch, 1995; Welch and Clegg, 1987). The transmission proceeds gradually by electron exchange at the level of chemical bonds in a series of cyclic or cascade reactions catalyzed by specialized protein systems, which, as a consequence of receiving information in this way, change their spatial conformation (Ho, 2005).

Presented part at the XIXth Symposium of GIRI, Monaco, 2005 and part at the XXIth Symposium of GIRI, Monaco, 2007