Institutional Transformation and the Advancement of Women Faculty: The Case of Academic Science and Engineering

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The participation, status, advancement of women faculty in science and engineering are pressing social concerns for reasons of human resources for, and social equity within, these fields. This chapter 1) presents a rationale for scientific fields as a critical research site for understanding gender and status, and higher education in the United States; 2) summarizes perspectives on women’s stalled advancement and the implications for solutions, including institutional transformation; 3) examines the meaning of institutional transformation as a concept in the study of higher education, and in an organized initiative of the National Science Foundation ADVANCE Institutional Transformation awards and awardees; and 4) considers the prospects for, and limits upon, institutional transformation as a strategy for the advancement of women in academic science and engineering.