Sugarcane Transformation

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Abstract

Sugarcane is a hybrid (Saccharum species hybrids) belonging to the grass family, Gramineae. It is best grown commercially in tropical and sub-tropical areas that are characterized by warm temperatures, high incident solar radiation and annual rainfall, and deep fertile soils (1). Sugarcane is cultivated in over 100 countries and is the source of approx. 70% of the world’s sugar (2). In addition, it is used as a raw material for ethanol production in Brazil, which is the largest producer of cane sugar in the world (3).