Emissions from volcanoes

  • Christiane Textor
  • Hans-F. Graf
  • Claudia Timmreck
  • Alan Robock
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-2167-1_7

Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 18)
Cite this paper as:
Textor C., Graf HF., Timmreck C., Robock A. (2004) Emissions from volcanoes. In: Granier C., Artaxo P., Reeves C.E. (eds) Emissions of Atmospheric Trace Compounds. Advances in Global Change Research, vol 18. Springer, Dordrecht

Abstract

Around 380 volcanoes were active during the last century, with around 50 volcanoes active per year (Andres and Kasgnoc, 1998). Volcanic activity is not randomly distributed over the Earth, but is linked to the active zones of plate tectonics, as shown in figure 1. More than 2/3 of the world’s volcanoes are located in the northern hemisphere, and in tropical regions. The emission of volcanic gases depends on the thermodynamic conditions (pressure, temperature) and on the magma type (i.e., its chemical composition, which in turn depends on the tectonic environment).

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christiane Textor
  • Hans-F. Graf
  • Claudia Timmreck
  • Alan Robock

There are no affiliations available

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