Chapter

Visual Analysis of Humans

pp 289-309

Modeling and Recognition of Complex Human Activities

  • Nandita M. NayakAffiliated withUniversity of California Email author 
  • , Ricky J. SethiAffiliated withUniversity of CaliforniaInformation Sciences Institute, University of Southern California
  • , Bi SongAffiliated withUniversity of California
  • , Amit K. Roy-ChowdhuryAffiliated withUniversity of California

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Abstract

Activity recognition is a field of computer vision which has shown great progress in the past decade. Starting from simple single person activities, research in activity recognition is moving toward more complex scenes involving multiple objects and natural environments. The main challenges in the task include being able to localize and recognize events in a video and deal with the large amount of variation in viewpoint, speed of movement and scale. This chapter gives the reader an overview of the work that has taken place in activity recognition, especially in the domain of complex activities involving multiple interacting objects. We begin with a description of the challenges in activity recognition and give a broad overview of the different approaches. We go into the details of some of the feature descriptors and classification strategies commonly recognized as being the state of the art in this field. We then move to more complex recognition systems, discussing the challenges in complex activity recognition and some of the work which has taken place in this respect. Finally, we provide some examples of recent work in complex activity recognition. The ability to recognize complex behaviors involving multiple interacting objects is a very challenging problem and future work needs to study its various aspects of features, recognition strategies, models, robustness issues, and context, to name a few.