Chapter

International Advances in Foot and Ankle Surgery

pp 403-417

Advances in Anterior Ankle and Subtalar Arthroscopy

  • John F. GradyAffiliated withDepartment of Surgery, Foot and Ankle Institute of Illinois
  • , Amol SaxenaAffiliated withDepartment of Sports Medicine, PAFMG-Palo Alto Division Email author 
  • , Audra M. SmithAffiliated withDepartment of Podiatry, Jesse Brown VA Medical Center
  • , Yelena BoumendjelAffiliated withDepartment of Podiatry, Jesse Brown VA Medical Center

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Abstract

Much advancement has been made in ankle arthroscopy. In 1931, Burman concluded the ankle joint was not appropriate for arthroscopy due to its small size.1,2 However, Takagi, in 1982, described a routine method to examine the ankle through arthroscopy.3 Over the years, smaller scopes have been developed that are suitable for the ankle, which has advanced the practice immensely.